Tehillim (תהלים) refers to the Hebrew name of the biblical Book of Psalms. Psalms are personal and public poetry, often used in worship as a hymn. Tehillim represents a range of emotional tones, subjects, and authors.
I highly recommend you read the Tehillim out loud and then imagine the experiences and/or feelings of the author.
When and why was it written?
The emotion of the Tehillim.
We are going to look at five praise Tehillim for the moment – 105; 113; 117-8; and 147.
The Form of the Descriptive Praise Psalm or Hymn
Psalms include 28, 36, 105, 111, 113, 117, 135, 136, 146, and 147.
- “Hallelu Yah!” The psalm begins with some such expression.
- Call to Praise
- may be an extended call for worship preparations, or simply “Praise Yah.”
- Cause for the praise
- reason for and substance of the praise.
- normally a summary statement of the reason for praise followed by a specific illustration(s)
- summary usually has two parts:
- G-d’s greatness (e.g., the LORD of creation)
- G-d’s grace (e.g., His dealings in history to save)
- G-d is often praised for His creation and His sustaining of nature.
- Some of these psalms have been called “Hymns to the Creator”
- renewed call to praise for the reasons expressed in the psalm
- Often there is…
- an exhortation,
- a petition, or
- even a lesson
- “Hallelu Yah!” This expression may also appear at the end of the passage (although it is not always present).
- See Psalm 33 & 135 as examples.