Morning 10 – Intro to Tehillim (Psalms)

Tehillim (תהלים) refers to the Hebrew name of the biblical Book of Psalms. Psalms are personal and public poetry, often used in worship as a hymn. Tehillim represents a range of emotional tones, subjects, and authors.

I highly recommend you read the Tehillim out loud and then imagine the experiences and/or feelings of the author.

When and why was it written?

The emotion of the Tehillim.

We are going to look at five praise Tehillim for the moment – 105; 113; 117-8; and 147.

The Form of the Descriptive Praise Psalm or Hymn
Psalms include 28, 36, 105, 111, 113, 117, 135, 136, 146, and 147.

  1. Prologue
    1. “Hallelu Yah!” The psalm begins with some such expression.
  2. Call to Praise
    1. may be an extended call for worship preparations, or simply “Praise Yah.”
  3. Cause for the praise
    1. reason for and substance of the praise.
    2. normally a summary statement of the reason for praise followed by a specific illustration(s)
    3. summary usually has two parts:
      1. G-d’s greatness (e.g., the LORD of creation)
      2. G-d’s grace (e.g., His dealings in history to save)
      3. G-d is often praised for His creation and His sustaining of nature.
    4. Some of these psalms have been called “Hymns to the Creator”
  4. Conclusion
    1. renewed call to praise for the reasons expressed in the psalm
    2. Often there is…
      1. an exhortation,
      2. a petition, or
      3. even a lesson
  5. Epilogue
    1. “Hallelu Yah!” This expression may also appear at the end of the passage (although it is not always present).
    2. See Psalm 33 & 135 as examples.

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