It has been said that it takes 21 days to develop a habit. Why not take the next 21 mornings and get into the habit of reading God’s Word?
The Gospel of John is an excellent starting point in getting to know Jesus Christ. In this Gospel, you will hear the teachings of Jesus and discover He is the Light of the World, the Good Shepherd and the Savior God promised.
WRITER: John, the Apostle, son of Zebedee and Salome, and brother of James (Mark 1:19, 20; Matthew 20:20; John 21:20-24).
DATE: A.D. 90-100
It is considered to be the last Gospel book to be written. The writings of John include the Gospel of John, the Johannine Epistles, and the Book of Revelation.
STRUCTURE: There are several striking features how it is written.:
1. The first three Gospels (Matthew, Mark, Luke) are called the Synoptic Gospels because they were written as a personal view of Jesus ministry. The fourth Gospel is from a world-view aspect.
- The Gospels of Matthew and Mark emphasize on the miracles of Jesus, and Luke gives awareness of the parables; John does neither.
- The miracles in John are presented as signs. They help to define certain great truths (e.g., Jesus fed the 5000, and following it is His discourse on the Bread of Life). There are seven signs – that is they are called “signs.”
1. The turning of water into wine (John 2:1-12)
2. The healing of the royal official’s son (John 4:46-54)
3. The healing of the paralytic at the pool of Bethesda (John 5:1-17)
4. The feeding of the five thousand (John 6:1-14)
5. The walking on water (John 6:15-25)
6. The healing of the man born blind (John 9:1-41)
7. The raising of Lazarus (John 11:1-46).
- There are no parables. The word “parable” occurs one time (John 10:6) but is not the usual Greek word parabole but paroimia. In the Gospel of John, Jesus uses figures like metaphors.
This Gospel is the most profound of the four. It makes staggering statements like, “…ye in me, and I in you” (John 14:20), think on this.
The Gospel of John gives a chronological order, for example, “the next day,” John 1:29, 35, 43. He presents a coherent and ordered sequence of the events. He gives attention to places and cities, like, “Bethabara beyond the Jordan,” John 1:28 and “Cana, of Galilee,” John 2:1.
The divinity of Christ is in the forefront, the humanity of Christ is emphasized, “Jesus…being wearied with his journey,” John 4:6.
WHY WAS IT WRITTEN:
Several explanations have been offered:
- To correct Synoptic Gospels (invalid since he did not deal with their material)
- To correct a wrong view concerning John the Baptist
- To refute errors of Cerinthus
- John’s personal reason – John 20:30, 31
WHAT OTHERS SAY:
This Gospel is often called the “the heart of Christ,” the “spiritual Gospel,” and “the bosom of Christ.”
Origen said, “The Gospel [of John] is the consummation of the Gospels as the Gospels are of the Scriptures.”
St. Thomas’ basic theological principles is that everything Jesus Christ did and said was for our instruction and imitation
Dr. A. T. Pierson said, “It touches the heart of Christ. If Matthew corresponds to the court of the Gentiles, John leads us past the veil into the Holy of Holies.”
I AM statements… Jesus is found frequently stating, “I AM” (cf. Exodus 3:14).
- “I am the bread of life” (John 6:35)
- “I am the light of the world” ( John 8:12; 9:5)
- “I am the gate for the sheep” (John 10:7, 9)
- “I am the good shepherd” (John 10:14)
- “I am the resurrection and the life” (John 11:25)
- “I am the way and the truth and the life” (John 14:6)
- “I am the true vine” (John 15:1, 5)
The deity of Jesus is the predominant purpose. The Messianic character also holds precedence. In John 20:31, this is observed, “But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.”
In John 16:28, states a charismatic movement, “I came forth from the Father, and am come into the world; again, I leave the world and go to the Father.” God became a man; this is the simple declaration of the sublime fact.
These things are recorded to beget faith in the heart of man.
- “Believe” is used over 100 times in John’s Gospel. It occurs fewer than 40 times in the Synoptic Gospels.
- “Faith” does not occur in John but is noted in the other Gospels.
- “Eternal life” occurs 35 times in John, but only 12 times in the Synoptic Gospels
- Also, take note that the word “Jew” occurs over 60 times.
As you study, highlight or make note of these.